As the collection of personal information is increasingly part of doing business in the United States and abroad, a growing number of states are passing privacy laws in an effort to protect individuals’ personal data. For example, the California Consumer Privacy Act (CCPA) is a comprehensive privacy law that covers a wide variety of businesses that handle personal information. Virginia also recently passed its own comprehensive privacy legislation, and New York, Washington and other states are considering similar measures.
Will your business be affected?
Organizations that control or process personal data, whether on a local or multi-state or multi-national level, will need to review the applicable laws and make any necessary updates to privacy practices. Depending on the state where personal information is being collected and processed, companies may be required to conduct a “data protection assessment,” refrain from processing “sensitive data” in the absence of opt-in consent, and have a contract between data controllers and data processors.
Since New York is considering legislation that is similar to the CCPA and the European Union’s General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR), it behooves organizations in New York to familiarize themselves with those laws’ requirements, which include:
- Make multiple disclosures about how and why your organization processes and discloses personal data.
- Use reasonable data security practices.
- Refrain from collecting or processing personal data unnecessarily or discriminating against consumers in any state for exercising their legal data rights.
- Conduct impact assessments for covered data processing activities.
- Include data privacy terms in your organization’s relevant vendor contracts.
Failing to proactively address privacy law requirements presents significant liability for companies. If you have questions or concerns about these matters, please reach out to the attorneys at Ford O’Brien LLP. We advise and represent clients in New York and Nationwide.
Source: California Consumer Privacy Act of 2018, Cal. Civ. Code §§ 1798.100-1798.199
Source: Virginia Consumer Data Protection Act, Va. Code Ann. § 59.1-571 through 59.1-581
Source: EU General Data Protection Regulation (Regulation (EU) 2016/679)